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X-ray diffraction data of EaEST

A novel microbial esterase, EaEST, from a psychrophilic bacterium Exiguobacterium antarcticum B7, was identified and characterized. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing structural analysis and biochemical characterization of an esterase isolated from the genus Exiguobacterium. Crystal structure of EaEST, determined at a resolution of 1.9 Å, showed that the enzyme has a canonical α/β hydrolase fold with an α-helical cap domain and a catalytic triad consisting of Ser96, Asp220, and His248. Interestingly, the active site of the structure of EaEST is occupied by a peracetate molecule, which is the product of perhydrolysis of acetate. This result suggests that EaEST may have perhydrolase activity. The activity assay showed that EaEST has significant perhydrolase and esterase activity with respect to short-chain p-nitrophenyl esters (≤C8), naphthyl derivatives, phenyl acetate, and glyceryl tributyrate. However, the S96A single mutant had low esterase and perhydrolase activity. Moreover, the L30A mutant showed low levels of protein expression and solubility as well as preference for different substrates. On conducting an enantioselectivity analysis using R- and S-methyl-3-hydroxy-2-methylpropionate, a preference for R-enantiomers was observed. Surprisingly, immobilized EaEST was found to not only retain 200% of its initial activity after incubation for 1 h at 80°C, but also retained more than 60% of its initial activity after 20 cycles of reutilization. This research will serve as basis for future engineering of this esterase for biotechnological and industrial applications. Our goal was to identify a novel cold-active esterase from a polar microorganism. We identified and characterized a novel esterase, EaEST, from a psychrophilic bacterium Exiguobacterium antarcticum B7. Further structural and functional analysis indicated that EaEST had dual activity of a perhydrolase and an esterase. It is known that perhydrolysis is a side activity of esterases and it may be useful in industrial and organic synthesis. Moreover, the peracetate-bound EaEST structure reported in our study provides the first snapshot of the peracetate binding mode, and a comparison of the structure of EaEST with that of PfEST (PDB code 3HI4) reveals a comprehensive structural basis for the conformational changes of this enzyme induced by binding of different substrates.

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Entry ID
KOPRI-KPDC-00000759
KPDC_2017_0029 (Old ID)
DOI
https://dx.doi.org/doi:10.22663/KOPRI-KPDC-00000759.1
Science Keyword
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Community Dynamics > Biodiversity Functions
ISO Topic
BIOTA
Instrument
BL-5C (BL-5C beam line of the Pohang Accelerator Laboratory)
Personnel
Jun Hyuck Lee (junhyucklee@kopri.re.kr)
Changwoo Lee (justay@kopri.re.kr)
Research period
2016-04-03 - 2016-04-03
Create/Update Date
2017-09-26 00:17:40 UTC / 2017-09-26 00:17:40 UTC
Raw Data
File Size: 2.25 Mb for 1 item
Citation
The data(KOPRI-KPDC-00000759) used in this work was provided by the Korea Polar Research Institute.

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