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Environmental conditions and C and N uptakes of phytoplankton in Russian Chukchi sea, 2009

It is very important to study the Chukchi Sea and Arctic Ocean in order to understand the global marine ecosystems responding to the current climate changes, but there have been not much study because of the difficulty in logistics. The RUSALCA cruise in 2009 provided very important opportunities to research marine environments and ecosystems in the Russian and US sides of the Chukchi Sea. The main objectives were to measure primary productivity of phytoplankton and understand which controlling factors are important for the phytoplankton growth in the Chukchi Sea. The light intensity at the highest peak in a day ranged from 200 μE m-2 s-1 to 1200 μE m-2 s-1 at around 4 pm depending on weather at that time when they were measured. Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus found first in the Chukchi Sea contributed about 30% in the cell abundance of small phytoplankton community (20 μm). Integrated chlorophyll-a concentrations were relatively low (< 100 mg chl-a m-2) in the Chukchi Sea this year. The average of integrated chlorophyll-a concentrations was 57.7 mg chl-a m-2 (± 37.8 mg chl-a m-2), which was 3 times lower than that (155.6 mg chl-a m-2) in 2004 (Lee et al. 2007). In consistent, the average of the carbon production rate was 17.03 mg C m-3 h-1, which was also 2 fold lower than that in 2004 (Lee et al. 2007). In this study, we found that light intensity was an main factor controlling phytoplankton growth in the Chukchi Sea rather than major nutrient concentrations such as nitrate and ammonium. 1) Primary production measurement by phytoplankton using a 13C-15N dual isotope tracer 2) Developmental stages of melting ponds and ice algal productivity

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Entry ID
Science Keyword
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Carbon
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Nitrogen
EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Ecosystems > Plankton > Phytoplankton
EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Environment Monitoring > Marine Obstructions
ISO Topic
R/V Professor Khromov(Research vessel Professor Khromov)
NA(Nutrients Auto-Analysis)
Mass spectrometer(Finnigan Delta+XL mass spectrometer)
Hyoung Min Joo (hmjoo77@kopri.re.kr)
Research period
2009-09-01 - 2009-10-01
Create/Update Date
2012-01-02 00:00:00 UTC
The data(KOPRI-KPDC-00000177) used in this work was provided by the Korea Polar Research Institute.
Spatial Coverage
  • [lat:63, lon:172] , [lat:76.5, lon:164]

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